Rupea Citadel, one of the most beautiful medieval castles in Romania is located in Rupea, at the border of Brasov County and Mures County . The first documentation about the citadel dates back in 1324.
Over the time the citadel served as a fortress and refuge for the people living in the neighboring villages, having a strategic position. The historians believe that the fortress was built on old Dacian ruins.
Archaeological research has revealed stone tools, pottery, funerary urns, etc. from this period of time. Conquered by Romans, the Dacian construction, Rumidava became the Roman castrum Rupes and have the name of today’s city, Rupea.
During 1432-1437, the citadel was attacked and plundered by the Otomans; later on, in 1643, it was abandoned after a devastating fire that turned it into ruins. At the end of the century, the Saxons came back into the citadel seeking refuge.
In 1716 the fortress was used as a refuge for people who managed to get away from the plague.
In the year 2002, the municipality renovated the fortress, exactly in its old spirit and now is open like a museum, being one of the most beautiful citadels in Transylvania and in Europe.
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