Sighisoara is one of the most beautiful and well preserved inhabited citadels in Europe. The city is located in the historic region of Transylvania, on the Târnava Mare River in Mureş county.
Sighisoara, known by the Latin name of “Castrum Sex” – is one of the most beautiful cities and municipalities of Romania, which has also played an important strategic and commercial role in Central Europe for many centuries.
In the 12th century, many German craftsmen and merchants, called Saxons, were summoned here by the King of Hungary to protect this land and defend its frontiers. They dominated the urban economy and built fortifications. Later on, this Saxon settlement has been given the urban status of “Civitas de Segusvara”, becoming a royal centre in 1937.
It was the first region to deal with coins as Wallachian prince Vlad Dracul, the father of Vlad the Impaler- the latter also known in legends as Dracula – lived here in exile and settled coins to be minted in the city, as coinage was the monopoly of the Hungarian Kingdom. He was also the first to refer to the city by its Romanian name of Sighisoara in the documents he wrote about this area. The saying goes Vlad Tepes was born here, but historians still quarrel over whether the story is true.
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